Achilles Tendinitis

Achilles Tendinitis involves inflammation of the Achilles tendon, a band of tissue that connects the calf muscles at the back of the leg to the heel. Achilles tendinitis generally occurs as an over-use injury in which severe or repetitive strain on the Achilles tendon leads to inflammation and pain. Achilles tendinitis commonly occurs in runners and middle-aged people who occasionally engage in sporting activities.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase strain and risk of injury of the Achilles tendon include:

  • Flat Feet
  • Tight Calf Muscles
  • Poor Footwear
  • Trauma
  • Change in physical activity
  • Sporting activities with repetitive jumping
  • Underlying biomechanical problem caused by poor foot mechanics


Depending on the severity, treatment can involve:

  • Rest
  • Icing
  • Medication
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises
  • Custom-made orthotics
  • Proper footwear
  • Therapeutic ultrasound
  • Extracorporeal shock wave therapy
  • Serious cases can lead to Achilles tendon tears or ruptures that may require surgical repair


  • Stretch Daily: Take the time to stretch your calf muscles to maintain flexibility
  • Take it Easy: Warm up before exercising and increase your physical activity gradually
  • Proper Footwear: Wear shoes with firm arch support and adequate cushioning for your heel

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